Hindi cinema , often known as Bollywood and formerly as Bombay cinema ,  is the Indian Hindi -language film industry based in Mumbai formerly Bombay. The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and " Hollywood ". The industry is related to Cinema of South India and other Indian film industries, making up Indian Cinema —the world's largest by number of feature films produced. In , Indian cinema produced 1, feature films, with Bollywood as its largest filmmaker, producing Hindi films the same year.
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Bollywood , Hindi-language sector of the Indian moviemaking industry that began in Bombay now Mumbai in the s and developed into an enormous film empire. After early Indian experiments in silent film, in Bombay Talkies, launched by Himansu Rai, spearheaded the growth of Indian cinema. Over the years, several classic genres emerged from Bollywood: the historical epic, notably Mughal-e-Azam ; the curry western, such as Sholay ; the courtesan film, such as Pakeezah , which highlights stunning cinematography and sensual dance choreography; and the mythological movie, represented by Jai Santoshi Maa Stars, rather than plots, were often the driving force behind the films. Beginning in , when Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani emerged as the first major star pair, the Indian public developed an insatiable appetite for news about their screen heroes.
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